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  English Bulldog 

Registration: All English Bulldogs are registrable with the United Canine Association and eligible to participate in all UCA sanctioned dog shows and events.

Click here to learn more about
English Bulldog registration; how to register your English Bulldogs or to dual register your English Bulldog with the United Canine Association.

The United Canine Association recognized and began recording registration for the English Bulldog in 2002.
                                        

  

Breed Characteristics: The English Bulldog is medium sized with a smooth coat.  The body of the English Bulldog is low slung, heavy and thick with an immense head.   The English Bulldog's face is short and set back.  The English Bulldog's shoulders are wide with sturdy heavy boned limbs.

                              
Country of Origin:  Great Britain

 

Original Purpose:
  The term "Bulldog" was originally used to describe any "type" of dog that was a "butcher's dog" or one that baited bulls in the blood sport of bull-baiting.
 

The earliest Bulldogs were bred for a specific use, that of  baiting or holding the bull, which was a legitimate part of every butcher's business.   
  
                     
Unfortunately, this type of necessary working function was later transformed into several gruesome blood sports such as bull baiting and staged pit fights. 

Bulldogs were pitted against other animals such as bears, wild boars and large predatory cats, as well as their own kind in bloody fights to the death. 

The "type" of dog used in bull-baiting wasn't developed into a breed with a fixed type until these so-called "sports" were outlawed in Britain.  At that point the Bulldog's historical function essentially ceased and breeders began breeding more for a show and companion dog.

Today's Uses:  Companion.


Weight:
  The weight of a Dog is approximately 55 pounds, while the average weight of a Bitch is roughly 50 pounds.


Height: 
English Bulldogs average 12 - 16 inches at the shoulders.  


Coat:
 
The coat of the English Bulldog is fine in texture, short, close and smooth.

Color:  The English Bulldog can be brindle, solid white, solid red, fawn or fallow, and piebald.


Temperament:
The English Bulldog is generally a friendly and good natured dog. Some English Bulldogs may be aggressive with strange dogs, but generally English Bulldogs get along well with other pets.


With Children:
 
The English Bulldog has a gentle and mellow disposition.  The English Bulldog cab be very good with children and other family members.  As with all dogs it is important that the English Bulldog be properly socialized and trained.


Other Pet Compatibility:  English Bulldogs generally do well with other pets.  English Bulldogs should be supervised with strange dogs.


Trainability: 
English Bulldogs are very trainable but patience and consistency is a must, as English Bulldogs can be rather stubborn.



Activity Level:
 
The English Bulldog requires a nominal amount of exercise.  Care should be taken not to allow the English Bulldog to become to obese.


Life Expectancy:
  The English Bulldog has an average life expectancy of 8-10 years.

Breed Standard: English Bulldog

It is very important that no points or placements are awarded to dogs shown that exhibit breathing difficulties, such as shortness of breath when moving under normal conditions and or noisy breathing.

Particular points of concern for for this breed may include characteristics specifically mentioned in the breed standard.  Some characteristics or features may be noted which, if exaggerated, might potentially affect the breed in the future.

The features or characteristics listed below are derived from health surveys with owners, meetings and discussions with veterinarians, feedback from judges at shows or in consultation with individual breed clubs/councils.

Breeders and judges should at all times be mindful of features which could be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed.

Points of concern for special attention by conformation judges and breeders

  • Overweight.

  • Pinched nostrils.

  • Heavy nose roll wrinkle.

  • Eyes - excessive amounts of loose skin that impinge on the eye (e.g. from nasal folds). Conformational defects of the upper and/or lower eyelids so that the eyelid margins are not in normal contact with the eye when the dog is in its natural pose (e.g. they turn in or out, or both abnormalities are present).

  • Unsound movement.

  • Lack of tail, inverted or extremely tight tails are undesirable.

  • Hair loss or scarring from previous dermatitis.

  • Sore or painful eyes due to damage or poor eyelid conformation.

General Impression:  The English Bulldog is smooth-coated, possessing thick bone structure, rather low in stature, broad, powerful and compact.

The head of the English Bulldog is comparatively large in proportion to the dog's overall size but never to the point of affecting the general symmetry or balance of the entire dog.

The English Bulldog posses a face that is relatively short with muzzle broad that is blunt and inclined upwards although not excessively so.  Dogs showing respiratory distress highly undesirable.

The body of the English Bulldog is fairly short, compact, sturdy limbs, well muscled and in hard condition with no tendency towards obesity.

Hindquarters high and strong.  Females are not as well developed as dogs.


Head & Skull:  Skull of the English Bulldog is relatively large in circumference.  When viewed from the front the English Bulldog's head appears broad and square.

The cheeks of the English Bulldog are well rounded and extended sideways beyond eyes. 

The profile of the English Bulldog's head appears very high and moderately short from the back of the skull to the tip of the nose.  Forehead is flat with skin on and about head slightly loose and finely wrinkled without excess, neither prominent nor overhanging face. 

The head of the English Bulldog has a defined stop and a furrow extending to middle of skull.

Viewed from the front, the various properties of the face must be equally balanced on either side of an imaginary line down the center of the skull.


Ears:

 

Muzzle:  The muzzle of the English Bulldog should be short, broad, turned upwards and very deep from the corner of the eye to the corner of the mouth.


Mouth:  The jaw is strong, broad and square with six small front teeth between canines in an even row.  The teeth of the English Bulldog are large and strong and not seen when mouth closed.  The canine teeth are set wide apart.  The lower jaw should project slightly in front of upper with moderate turn up.


Eyes:


Nose:
  Nose and nostrils large, broad and black, under no circumstances liver color, red or brown.  Nostrils large wide and open, with well defined vertical straight line between. 

Rope over nose wrinkle, if present, whole or broken, must never adversely affect or obscure eyes or nose.  Pinched nostrils and heavy over nose roll are unacceptable and should be heavily penalized.


Neck: 
The neck of the English Bulldog is moderate in length (rather short than long), very thick, deep and strong.  The English Bulldog's neck should be well arched at the back, with loose, thick and wrinkled skin about the throat, forming a dewlap on each side, from the lower jaw to the chest.


Chest: 
Wide, prominent and deep.  Body well ribbed up behind with belly tucked up and not pendulous.

Back:  The back of the English Bulldog is short, strong, broad at shoulders.  Slight fall to back close behind shoulders (lowest part) whence spine should rise to loins (top higher than top of shoulder), curving again more suddenly to tail, forming slight arch (termed roach back) – a distinctive characteristic of English Bulldog breed.

Shoulders:

Legs:

Temperament: 

 

 

Eyes

Seen from front, situated low down in skull, well away from ears. Eyes and stop in same straight line, at right angles to furrow. Wide apart, but outer corners within the outline of cheeks. Round, of moderate size, neither sunken nor prominent, in colour very dark – almost black – showing no white when looking directly forward. Free from obvious eye problems.

Ears

Set high – i.e. front edge of each ear (as viewed from front) joins outline of skull at top corner of such outline, so as to place them as wide apart, as high and as far from eyes as possible. Small and thin. ’Rose ear‘ correct, i.e. folding inwards back, upper or front inner edge curving outwards and backwards, showing part of inside of burr.

Neck

Moderate in length, thick, deep and strong. Well arched at back, with some loose, skin about throat, forming slight dewlap on each side.

Forequarters

Shoulders broad, sloping and deep, very powerful and muscular giving appearance of being ’tacked on‘ body. Brisket round and deep. Well let down between forelegs. Ribs not flat-sided, but well rounded. Forelegs very stout and strong, well developed, set wide apart, thick, muscular and straight, bones of legs large and straight, not bandy nor curved and short in proportion to hindlegs, but not so short as to make back appear long, or detract from dog’s activity. Elbows low and standing well away from ribs. Pasterns short, straight and strong.
 

Hindquarters

Legs large and muscular, slightly longer in proportion than forelegs. Hocks slightly bent, well let down; legs long and muscular from loins to hock. Stifles turned very slightly outwards away from body.

Feet

Fore, straight and turning very slightly outward; of medium size and moderately round. Hind, round and compact. Toes compact and thick, well split up, making knuckles prominent and high.

Tail

Set on low, jutting out rather straight and then turning downwards. Round, smooth and devoid of fringe or coarse hair. Moderate in length – rather short than long – thick at root, tapering quickly to a fine point. Downward carriage (not having a decided upward curve at end) and never carried above back.

Lack of tail, inverted or extremely tight tails are undesirable.

Gait/Movement

Appearing to walk with short, quick steps on tips of toes, hind feet not lifted high, appearing to skim ground, running with one or other shoulder rather advanced. Soundness of movement of the utmost importance.

Coat

Fine texture, short, close and smooth (hard only from shortness and closeness, not wiry).

Colour

Whole or smut, (i.e. whole colour with black mask or muzzle). Only whole colours (which should be brilliant and pure of their sort) viz., brindles, reds with their various shades, fawns, fallows etc., white and pied (i.e. combination of white with any of the foregoing colours). Dudley, black and black with tan highly undesirable.

Size

Dogs: 25 kgs (55 lbs); bitches: 23 kgs (50 lbs).

Faults

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

Note

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.

 

 

 
 

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